Why can�t we see God?
The Qur�an teaches:
Vision comprehends Him not, but He comprehends all
After the Prophet�s ascent
to the heavens, peace be upon him, his Companions asked him if he had seen God.
It is reported on the authority of Abu Dharr that, on one occasion, he answered:
He is the Light. How do I see Him? (Sahih al-Muslim,
�Iman,� 291; Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, 5, 147). And
on another occasion, he answered: I have seen a Light. (Muslim,
Iman, 292). These statements clarify the well-known saying, The light is
the limit or veil of God (Muslim, �Iman,� 293; Sunan Ibn Ma�ja,
�Muqaddima,� 13; Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, 4, 13). Between us and God is the
light which He created. All that we see we see by that light, within that light�the
light is the ground and environment and the limit of our seeing, and that light
shields or veils us from God. In fact, we see but a part of that light of creation,
we see but a part of what veils Him.
Let us consider the matter
from another direction. Ibrahim Haqqi says: �In the whole universe of creation
there is nothing that is either the like or the equal or the contrary of God.
God is Exalted above all form, in�deed immune to and free from form.�
It is only because existing
things have a like or an equal or a contrary that we are able to distinguish
them and perceive them. We know what is �long� only against what is �short�
by comparison or contrast; similarly, we know �light� only against what is �dark�.
How then should we distinguish or perceive One who has neither like, nor equal,
nor contrary? This is the meaning of the statement that God is Exalted above
Whatever conception of
God we form in our minds, He is other than it.
The reader will certainly
have understood that the question of those who ask to directly perceive God
is but an image of the question of those who ask to directly �think� or �know�
His Being. But, in truth, we can no more �think� or �know� His Being, than we
can �see� Him. Just as He is beyond all measures of form or qual�ity or quantity,
He is also beyond all our powers of con�ception or reasoning. As the Muslims
learned in kalam (theology) put it: �Whatever conception of God we form
in our minds, He is other than it.� And the Sufis say: �God is beyond; and beyond
all our conceptions; and we are surrounded by thousands of veils.�
Men of wisdom have said
that God exists and He can�not be comprehended by human reason, nor perceived
by human senses. The only means to knowledge of Him is through the prophets,
that is, the men whom God ap�pointed as bearers of His Revelation. Where perception
and reason have no access, we need to, indeed we must, accept the guidance of
Imagine that we are in a
closed room and hear a knocking at the door of that room. We may well form some
vague impressions about who is knocking, but we can no more than guess at his
attributes. We know for certain only that there is knocking at the door, and
that we are free to go to the door and, on opening it, ask the person to make
himself known to us so that we obtain thereby a more secure knowledge of his
This poor analogy may help
us to more usefully ap�proach the question of how to seek God. The fact of Creation,
the immensity of it combined with an essential unity of form, the sheer beauty
and harmony of it, and its usefulness to us as well as its demands upon our
la�bor and our understanding, all make us aware of the existence of the Creator.
In just the same way as we de�duce from the manufacture of a wonderful diversity
of fabrics out of a single material that there is certainly an agent who spins
and mixes and dyes and weaves and otherwise prepares the final product, so we
deduce from the stunning evidence of the Creation that there is a Creator. While
a manufacturer of fabrics can be got hold of and may be persuaded to make himself
known to us, no such impertinent curiosity can be addressed to the Creator.
Indeed, it would be most incorrect to do so�as well as being impossible�just
as impossible as it would be for the fabric to address such curiosity to the
fabric-maker. Thus, without assistance from the Creator him�self, we can get
no further than when, hearing the first knocking on the door, we began to indulge
hopelessly vague surmises about who was knocking.
But the reality is that,
by the Mercy of God, the Creation of mankind was accompanied by Revelation.
Through God�s Revelation to the prophets and their teaching, the door is held
open for us. We are enabled to respond to the Creation around us as signs manifesting
not only the fact of the Creator�s existence but also His Attributes. Through
the prophets we learn to contemplate His Attributes and to call them�the One,
the All-Merci�ful, the All-Compassionate, the All Knowing, the All-Powerful,
and so on. A true understanding of these At�tributes requires inward experience
and contemplation, which are achieved only after sincere and total obser�vance
of the Divine decrees, objective study and long, profound meditation, according
to the pattern of the prophets. Only if a person has developed the inward faculties
will he be able to grasp the meaning of the Di�vine works, that is, the Creation,
and then rise to con�templation of the Divine Attributes manifested in it.
His Names are known, His
Attributes are comprehended, and His Essence exists.
Even then, it is by no means
possible for any person to comprehend the Divine Essence. That is why it is
said��His Names are known, His Attributes are compre�hended, and His Essence
exists.� In the words of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, may God be pleased with him:
To com�prehend His Essence means to confess that His Essence can not be comprehended.
What falls to us is to remain
committed to our covenant with God, and to beseech Him in this way: �O You,
who alone are worshipped! It needs no saying that we are unable to attain to
true knowledge of You. Yet we be�lieve that You are indeed nearer to us than
our neck-veins. We feel Your existence and nearness in the depths of our
hearts through the universe which You have cre�ated and opened to us like a
book, and through the won�derful harmony of form between the least and the largest
of what You have brought into being. We come to per�ceive that we are integrated
into the whole realm of Your theophanies, and by that perception our souls are
rested and consoled, and our hearts find serenity.�
But there are some who do
not seek any such serenity or indeed any inward life at all. They are of a mechanical
turn of mind and readily fall into a mechanical kind of sophistry which entraps
and paralyses their reason. They ask:
Given that God created everything, who created God?