What aspects of Muhammad's life following his mission prove His
- If the Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, had
cherished selfish aims and intentions, and if he had not been a Prophet
chosen by God to guide people into truth, he would not have had to wait
until he was forty to emerge with the claim of Prophethood.
- Muhammad was unlettered. Until he was forty, no one heard him utter an
eloquent speech, talk on religious and metaphysical issues, formulate any
laws, and handle a sword. But, this reserved and quiet man, who had never
given any indication of political interest or activity before, appeared on
the stage of the world, as a greatest reformer expounding the intricate
problems of metaphysics and theology, delivering speeches upon the
principles of the decline and fall of nations, teaching ethical canons and
formulating the laws of social culture, economic organization, group
conduct and international relations, the world history has ever known. He
turned suddenly into such a brave soldier that he did not even once
retreat in the fiercest battles. He changed people�s modes of thought,
world-views, and their beliefs, habits and morals.
The Prophet Muhammad is the only example where all
the excellences in all the aspects of life have been blended into one
- The Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, was not only an
undefeatable commander, nor a most eminent statesman, nor a most
influential spiritual and moral teacher. He is the only example where all
the excellences in all the aspects of life have been blended into one
personality. He is a man of wisdom and a seer and also a living embodiment
of his own teachings. He is a great statesman as well as a military
genius. He is a legislator and also a teacher of morals. He is a spiritual
luminary as well as a religious guide. His vision penetrates every aspect
of life and there is nothing which he touches and does not adorn. His
orders and commandments cover a vast field from the regulation of
international relations down to the habits of everyday life like eating,
drinking, sleeping, and cleanliness of the body. On the foundations of his
teaching he established a civilization and a culture and produced such a
fine, sensitive, and perfect equilibrium in the conflicting aspects of
life that there is to be found not even the slightest trace of any flaw,
deficiency or incompleteness. What shortcoming and imperfection does he
have when compared with other Prophets so that he is not confirmed as a
Prophet and Messenger of God?
Muhammad lived as the humblest of all
- Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings lived a very simple life,
as the poorest of his community. He spent all the money he had earned by
the trade before His Prophethood to spread his Message. In spite of his
greatness, his behavior toward all people was that of the humblest person,
that of an ordinary being. In the struggles and endeavors of his whole
life he did not seek any reward or profit for his own person, nor did he
leave any property for his heirs. He did not ask his followers to earmark
anything for him or his descendants, so much so that although he and his
family were the poorest of his community, he forbade not only his family
but also his progeny from receiving from the benefit of zakat.
Muhammad was extremely
merciful toward all the creatures of God.
- Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, was extremely merciful
toward all the creatures of God. In Makka, his people inflicted on him
every kind of suffering, eventually forcing him to emigrate to Madina, and
then waged wars on him for five years. However, when he conquered Makka
without bloodshed in the twenty-first year of his Prophethood, he forgave
all of his enemies. His mercy even encompassed hypocrites and unbelievers.
Although he recognized the hypocrites of his time, he never disclosed them
so that they could enjoy the rights of full citizenship to which their
outward confession of faith and practice entitled them.
The Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, was particularly
compassionate towards children. When he saw a child crying, he sat beside
him or her and shared his or her feelings. He felt the pain of a mother
for her child more than the mother herself. Once he said: I stand in
prayer and wish to prolong it. However, I hear the cry of a child and cut
the prayer short for the anxiety which the mother praying in the
congregation is feeling. He took children in arms and hugged them.
Sometimes he bore them on his shoulders.
The Prophet�s compassion encompassed not only human beings, but also
animals. We hear from him that a prostitute was guided to truth by God and
ultimately went to Paradise because she gave water to a poor dog dying of
thirst, whilst another woman was condemned to the torments of Hell because
she left a cat to die of hunger.
Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, was extremely
mild in his relations with people
- The Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, was extremely
mild in his relations with people. He was never angry with anybody because
of what was done to him. When his wife �A�isha, may God be pleased with
her, was made the object of a slander, he did not think to punish the
slanderers even after �A�isha was cleared. Bedouins often came to his
presence and behaved impolitely, but he did not even frown at them.
The Prophet was also the most generous of people
- The Prophet was also the most generous of people. He liked to
distribute whatever he had. After Prophethood he and his wealthy wife
Khadija spent everything they had in the way of God. When Khadija, may God
be pleased with her, died, they had no money to buy a shroud, and God�s
Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings, had to borrow money in order
to bury the first person to embrace Islam and his first supporter.
According to the Prophet, the world is like a tree under which people sit
to be shaded during a long journey. No one can live forever in the world,
so people must make in the world the necessary preparation for the second
part of the journey which will end either in Paradise or Hell. The mission
of God�s Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings, was to guide people
to truth, so he would spend whatever he had, his life, and his
possessions, to this end. Once �Umar, upon him be peace and blessings, saw
him lying on a rough mat and wept, saying: �O Messenger of God! While
kings sleep in soft weather beds, you are lying on a rough mat. You are
the Messenger of God and therefore deserve more than any other people an
easy life.� The Messenger answered him: Do you not agree that [the
luxuries of] the world be theirs but those of the Hereafter ours?
Islam does not approve of monastic life. It came to secure justice and the
wellbeing of mankind, but warns people against over-indulgence. It is for
this reason that many Muslims have chosen an ascetic life. Although the
Muslims generally became rich after the death of the Messenger, upon him
be peace and blessings, some like the Caliphs Abu Bakr, �Umar and �Ali
preferred an austere life. This was partly because they felt to live as
the poorest of their people and partly because they chose to strictly
follow the Prophet�s example.
- The Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, was the most
modest of people. As he attained a higher rank each and every day, he
increased in humility and servanthood to God. He preferred being a
Prophet-slave to being a Prophet-king.
In the construction of the Mosque in Madina after the Hijra, he carried
two sun-dried bricks while everybody else carried one. In the digging of
the ditch around Madina to defend the city in the Battle of the Ditch, the
Companions bound a stone around their bellies because of hunger, but the
Messenger bound two, because he was more hungry than anybody else. Once, a
man saw him and, due to his awe-inspiring appearance, began to tremble out
of fear. The Messenger calmed him, saying: Brother! Don�t be afraid. I am
a man, like you, whose mother used to eat dry bread. Again, a woman
suffering from insanity pulled him by the hand and said: �Come with me and
do my housework.� God�s Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings, went
with the woman and did the work. As reported by �A�isha, his wife, the
Messenger patched his clothes, repaired his shoes and helped his wives
with the housework.
Ali, the Fourth Caliph, may God be pleased with him, describes the
Prophet, upon him be peace and blessings: Whoever attempted to describe Muhammad would say: �I have,
either before him or after him, never seen the like of him.
- God�s Messenger was the most generous of people in giving out and the
mildest and foremost of them in patience and perseverance. He was the
most truthful of people in speech, the most amiable and congenial in
companionship and the noblest of them in family. Whoever sees him first is
stricken by awe of him but whoever knows him closely is attracted to him
deeply, and whoever attempts to describe him says: �I have, either before
him or after him, never seen the like of him, upon him be peace and
Muhammad�s high morality, character, and achievements also prove his
Other than conveying God�s Message to people, in other words, performing
the mission of Divine Messengership, who bears such an austere life as
Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, lived, and what else other than
a Prophet, can such a man as Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings,
be? And what substantial argument can one put forward against his